Projects and Programs in the development and humanitarian sectors
To complement the processes and tools provided within their pages, Project DPro and Program DPro include a set of five essential Principles for the management of projects and programs in development.
Here, we take a deeper look at the first of those Principles: Integrated. To find out more, consult pages 177-8 of the Project DPro Guide and pages 148-155 of the Program DPro Guide.
Whereas the Comprehensive principle ensures that each Project Management discipline and Phase is treated with the same rigor, the Integrated principle requires the successful coordination of those disciplines and phases.
One of the key areas highlighting the necessity for Integrated management is the triple constraint triangle: the associations between quality, cost, and time providing the perfect demonstration of the importance of integration.
Integrated and Phases
For the management of projects, the Integrated principle is most relevant to the latter phases of Implementation and Closure, when the project is manages across different disciplines. The earlier phases of the project provide the foundation and planning necessary for successful Integrated management.
From Program Management perspective, Integrated relates to the four phases of Identification, Design, Planning and Implementation, and Closure. The Identification phase includes the Integrated alignment of the program with organizational strategy, and the Design phase includes the Integrated analysis of risks at program level.
Conclusion: Harmonious Whole
While the Comprehensive principle considers the depth and rigor of attention to project management disciplines, the Integrated principle ensures that work comes together as a harmonious whole. In the context of Program Management, this requires aligning the work of individual projects and other activities so that the program can achieve its strategic objectives.