The Principled Manager: Integrated

Projects and Programs in the development and humanitarian sectors

To complement the processes and tools provided within their pages, Project DPro and Program DPro include a set of five essential Principles for the management of projects and programs in development.

Here, we take a deeper look at the first of those Principles: Integrated. To find out more, consult pages 177-8 of the Project DPro Guide and pages 148-155 of the Program DPro Guide.


Whereas the Comprehensive principle ensures that each Project Management discipline and Phase is treated with the same rigor, the Integrated principle requires the successful coordination of those disciplines and phases.

One of the key areas highlighting the necessity for Integrated management is the triple constraint triangle: the associations between quality, cost, and time providing the perfect demonstration of the importance of integration.

Integrated and Phases

For the management of projects, the Integrated principle is most relevant to the latter phases of Implementation and Closure, when the project is manages across different disciplines. The earlier phases of the project provide the foundation and planning necessary for successful Integrated management.

From Program Management perspective, Integrated relates to the four phases of Identification, Design, Planning and Implementation, and Closure. The Identification phase includes the Integrated alignment of the program with organizational strategy, and the Design phase includes the Integrated analysis of risks at program level.      

Conclusion: Harmonious Whole

While the Comprehensive principle considers the depth and rigor of attention to project management disciplines, the Integrated principle ensures that work comes together as a harmonious whole. In the context of Program Management, this requires aligning the work of individual projects and other activities so that the program can achieve its strategic objectives.     

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@peepso_user_96(Emmanuel Basam)
Integration is key when dealing with the management of projects especially programs to re-inforce efficiency and effectiveness. Once systems speak to themselves and having a single dash board bringing all the pieces together, scope, schedule and budget management becomes easy let alone resource and risk management. These aid the manager to see and understand the health of the intervention at a glance for quick and informed decisions.
@peepso_user_96(Emmanuel Basam)
Also, I can liken integration of all phases to a strategic analysis to ensure that all the phases come together during the design and planning phases to avoid duplications during the execution phase as to ensure a smooth and successful closure meeting customer expectations and clearly stated during the identification (aligning the donors deliverables with Agency's Vision, Mission, goal and strategy) and design(aligning the donors deliverables with Agency's goal and strategy) phases. Integration is a critical discipline in project/program management that IF well articulated optimizes results.